Birding in Taiwan



Birds in Taiwan

Endemic Species

Collared Bush-Robin


Formosan Magpie

Formosan Whistling-Thrush

Mikado Pheasant

Steere's Liocichla

Styan's Bulbul

Swinhoe's Pheasant

Taiwan Barwing

Taiwan Bush-Warbler

Taiwan Partridge

Taiwan Yuhina

White-eared Sibia

White-whiskered Laughingthrush

Yellow Tit


Possible Future Full Species


Endemic Sub-Species

Alpine Accentor

Barred Buttonquail


Black Bulbul

Black Drongo

Black-browed Barbet

Black Kite

Black-naped Monarch

Bronzed Drongo

Brown Bullfinch

Brown-eared Bulbul

Chinese Bamboo-Partridge

Collared Finchbill

Collared Scops-Owl

Collared Owlet

Coal Tit

Crested Goshawk

Crested Myna

Crested Serpent-Eagle

Dusky Fulvetta

Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Nutcracker

Gray Treepie

Gray-cheeked Fulvetta

 Gray-headed Bullfinch

Green-backed Tit

House Swift


Island Thrush

Kentish (Snowy) Plover

?Lanyu? Scops-Owl

Little Ringed Plover

Maroon Oriole

Mountain Scops-Owl

Oriental Skylark

Oriental Turtle-Dove

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Plain Prinia

Plumbeous Redstart

Pygmy Wren-Babbler

Ring-necked Pheasant

Rufous-capped Babbler

 Rusty Laughingthrush

Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler

Streak-throated Fulvetta

Striated Prinia

Varied Tit

Vinaceous Rosefinch

Vinous-throated Parrotbill

Whistling Green-Pigeon

White-bellied Green-Pigeon

White-browed Bush-Robin

White-browed Shortwing

White-tailed Robin

White-throated Laughingthrush

Winter Wren


More Birds in Taiwan

Black-crowned Night Heron

Black-faced Spoonbill

Black-naped Oriole

Black-throated Tit

Black-winged Stilt

Brown-headed Thrush

Cattle Egret

Chinese Crested Tern

Chinese Goshawk

Cinnamon Bittern

Common Kingfisher

Common Kestrel

Common Moorhen

Daurian Redstart

Eastern Marsh Harrier

Eurasian Wigeon

Fairy Pitta

Fork-tailed or Pacific Swift


Gray-chinned Minivet

Gray-faced Buzzard

Gray Heron

Great Cormorant

Great Egret

Greater Painted-Snipe

Ijima?s Leaf-Warbler

Intermediate Egret

Japanese White-eye

Lesser Coucal

Little Egret

Little Forktail

Little Grebe

Malayan Night-heron

Northern Pintail

Northern Shoveler


Pacific Golden-Plover

Pale Thrush

Red Collared-Dove

Russet Sparrow

Spot-billed Duck

Spotted Dove

Tufted Duck

White-breasted Waterhen

Yellow Bittern



SPOTLIGHT ON TAIWAN ?Endemic Subspecies of Taiwan birds?first impressions?, by N. J. Collar, from BirdingASIA No. 2, December 2004.  Presented with permission.  BirdingASIA is the bulletin of the Oriental Bird Club.  Please see our Links page for benefits of membership in the OBC.



Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Hydrophasianus chirurgus


The Pheasant-tailed Jacana is a large (39-58 cm, including a 25-35 cm tail), distinctive bird with a long tail and very long toes.   In breeding plumage the body is blackish below, browner with a greenish tinge above, the wings are white and the long tail is black.  The head, face and front half of the neck are white, and the hindneck is a shiny yellow-buff. A black patch on the rear of the crown continues as a line down the neck, separating the yellow hindneck from the white foreneck.   The bill and legs are bluish gray and the iris is brown.  In non-breeding plumage the underparts are white, with a brownish bar across the breast, the upperparts are paler greenish brown and the tail is much shorter.  Sexes are alike, but the female is significantly larger.


The Pheasant-tailed Jacana frequents freshwater wetlands with extensive aquatic vegetation such as lakes, ponds and swampy ground.  It walks on floating water plants to feed on insects and other invertebrates.  The nest is a pad of stems and pieces of aquatic vegetation, constructed chiefly by the male.  The sex roles are reversed, with the female defending three or more males, and laying successive clutches of four eggs, up to about 10 per year. The eggs are left with the males for incubation and all parental care. The female, however, defends the nesting territory.


In Taiwan the Pheasant-tailed Jacana is a rare summer resident, breeding chiefly in the water chestnut agricultural areas of Tainan.  Its numbers have decreased greatly due to drainage of wetlands, water pollution and pesticide use.  The population is estimated at about 100 birds (2005).


References:  A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Mackinnon and Phillipps); Guide to Threatened Birds of Taiwan, BirdLife International Red Data Book, 2005  (Woei-horng Fang); 100 Common Birds of Taiwan (Wild Bird Society of Taipei); Handbook of Birds of the World Vol. 3