Birding in Taiwan



Birds in Taiwan

Endemic Species

Collared Bush-Robin


Formosan Magpie

Formosan Whistling-Thrush

Mikado Pheasant

Steere's Liocichla

Styan's Bulbul

Swinhoe's Pheasant

Taiwan Barwing

Taiwan Bush-Warbler

Taiwan Partridge

Taiwan Yuhina

White-eared Sibia

White-whiskered Laughingthrush

Yellow Tit


Endemic Sub-Species

Alpine Accentor

Black-browed Barbet

Black-naped Monarch

Black Bulbul

Black Drongo

Bronzed Drongo

Brown-eared Bulbul

Collared Finchbill

Collared Scops-Owl

Crested Goshawk

Crested Serpent-Eagle

Eurasian Jay


Island Thrush

Lanyu’ Scops-Owl

Oriental Skylark

Oriental Turtle-Dove

Pygmy Wren-Babbler

Ring-necked Pheasant

Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler

Vinaceous Rosefinch

Whistling Green-Pigeon

White-bellied Green-Pigeon

White-browed Shortwing

Winter Wren


More Birds in Taiwan

Black-faced Spoonbill

Black-naped Oriole

Black-throated Tit

Black-winged Stilt

Chinese Crested Tern

Common Kingfisher

Common Moorhen

Daurian Redstart

Fairy Pitta

Gray-chinned Minivet

Gray-faced Buzzard

Gray Heron

Greater Painted-Snipe

Japanese White-eye

Little Forktail

Malayan Night-heron

Red Collared-Dove

Spotted Dove

White-breasted Waterhen


Oriental Turtle-Dove

Streptopelia orientalis orii

Endemic subspecies

The Oriental Turtle-Dove is a medium-sized (33 cm) dove with a grayish pink neck and breast, a whitish ventral region, and a bluish gray head and rump.  The feathers of the mantle, scapulars and wing coverts are slaty gray with orange-buff edgings, creating a scaly appearance.  The primaries are black with gray edges, and the tail is blackish, grayer in the centre.  There is a black patch with light gray stripes on the side of the neck.  The feet and legs are reddish purple, and the bill mostly black. 

The Oriental Turtle-Dove usually feeds on the ground, eating a variety of plants including cereals, pine seeds, bamboo shoots and berries.  The breeding season may extend from May to August.  The nest is a flimsy platform of twigs placed at moderate height in a tree or bush, and the female usually lays two white eggs.  The call of the Oriental Turtle-Dove is a melodious "goo, goo-goo, goo, goo". 

The Taiwan subspecies orii is duller and smaller than continental subspecies, but differences are probably not separable in the field.  In Taiwan the Oriental Turtle-Dove is resident year-round, and is a common bird of field edges, sparsely wooded areas, marshes, mangroves and farmland, from low to mid elevations. 


References:  Handbook of Birds of the World Vol. 4; A Field Guide to the Birds of China  (Mackinnon and Phillipps); 100 Common Birds of Taiwan (Wild Bird Society of Taipei); N. J. Collar, “Endemic subspecies of Taiwan birds—first impressions”, in Birding ASIA, Number 2, December 2004