Birding in Taiwan



Birds in Taiwan

Endemic Species

Collared Bush-Robin


Formosan Magpie

Formosan Whistling-Thrush

Mikado Pheasant

Steere's Liocichla

Styan's Bulbul

Swinhoe's Pheasant

Taiwan Barwing

Taiwan Bush-Warbler

Taiwan Partridge

Taiwan Yuhina

White-eared Sibia

White-whiskered Laughingthrush

Yellow Tit


Endemic Sub-Species

Alpine Accentor

Black-browed Barbet

Black-naped Monarch

Black Bulbul

Black Drongo

Bronzed Drongo

Brown-eared Bulbul

Chinese Bamboo-Partridge

Collared Finchbill

Collared Scops-Owl

Crested Goshawk

Crested Serpent-Eagle

Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Nutcracker

Gray Treepie


Island Thrush

Lanyu’ Scops-Owl

Oriental Skylark

Oriental Turtle-Dove

Pygmy Wren-Babbler

Ring-necked Pheasant

Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler

Vinaceous Rosefinch

Whistling Green-Pigeon

White-bellied Green-Pigeon

White-browed Shortwing

Winter Wren


More Birds in Taiwan

Black-faced Spoonbill

Black-naped Oriole

Black-throated Tit

Black-winged Stilt

Chinese Crested Tern

Common Kingfisher

Common Moorhen

Daurian Redstart

Fairy Pitta

Gray-chinned Minivet

Gray-faced Buzzard

Gray Heron

Greater Painted-Snipe

Japanese White-eye

Little Forktail

Malayan Night-heron

Red Collared-Dove

Spotted Dove

White-breasted Waterhen


Eurasian Nutcracker

Nucifraga caryocatactes owstoni

Endemic Subspecies

The Eurasian or Spotted Nutcracker is a medium-sized (33 cm) member of the crow family with a brown body, black cap, white streaks on the face and mantle, and white spots on the breast.  The fairly short tail is black with white outer feathers, the wings are black and the rump and vent are white.  The iris, bill and feet are black.  Sexes are alike.  Birds of the Taiwan subspecies owstoni are darker brown (sooty) and have less white spotting and streaking than mainland forms.

The Eurasian Nutcracker is usually found alone or in pairs.  It is particularly associated with pine forests, and feeds extensively on pine seeds as well as nuts.  It will bury or hide nuts for use during the winter months.  The Eurasian Nutcracker also eats insects, worms, eggs and young birds.  The call of the Nutcracker is a dry, harsh "kraaaak kraaaak " or buzzy rattle, and it also produces a song consisting of whistles and clicks interspersed with calls of other species.  In Taiwan the Eurasian Nutcracker is a common resident of high elevation temperate forests.



References:  A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Mackinnon and Phillipps); Birds of Europe (Lars Jonsson); 100 Common Birds of Taiwan (Wild Bird Society of Taipei); N. J. Collar, “Endemic subspecies of Taiwan birds—first impressions”, in Birding ASIA, Number 2, December 2004